Jan Bruegel the Younger (1601-1678)
Location: New York (USA) - The Metropolitan Museum of Art (Acc.no. 1991.444)
This infernal image of the 1630s was inspired by the "hell landscapes" of Jan Brueghel the Elder which in turn looked back to Bosch. The subject is from Virgil, Aeneid, Book VI.
Sigmund Herrmann, Mannheim, later New York (by 1902); by descent to his niece, Erna S. Blade (until 1991)
Credit Line:Gift of Mrs. Erna S. Blade, in memory of her uncle, Sigmund Herrmann, 1991
Similar paintings can be seen for example in the Kunsthistorisches Museum in Vienna and at Pierre Bergé in Paris in 2012
Walter Liedtke. "Addenda to 'Flemish Paintings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art'." Metropolitan Museum Journal 27 (1992), pp. 110–12, fig. 9, dates it probably 1630s; observes that the artist "skillfully mixed motifs from several of his father's compositions" and considers the most immediate precedent for this picture [n.b., field capacity inadequate for entire text].
Ursula Härting. Letter to Walter Liedtke. November 23, 1994, tentatively attributes it to Pieter Schoubroek.
Katharine Baetjer. European Paintings in The Metropolitan Museum of Art by Artists Born Before 1865: A Summary Catalogue. New York, 1995, p. 289, ill.
Walter Liedtke. "Toward a New Edition of Flemish Paintings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art." Munuscula Amicorum: Contributions on Rubens and His Colleagues in Honour of Hans Vlieghe. Ed. Katlijne van der Stighelen. Vol. 2, Turnhout, Belgium, 2006, p. 669.
Walter Liedtke in Earth, Sea, and Sky: Nature in Western Art; Masterpieces from The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Exh. cat., Tokyo Metropolitan Art Museum. [Tokyo], 2012, p. 215, no. 21, ill. [Chinese ed., Hefei Shi, 2013, pp. 50–51, no. 21, ill. (color)].
Peter Barnet and Wendy A. Stein in Earth, Sea, and Sky: Nature in Western Art; Masterpieces from The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Exh. cat., Tokyo Metropolitan Art Museum. [Tokyo], 2012, p. 60, ill. pp. 37, 72 (color).